1894 Kitasato Shibasaburo discovers the infectious agent of the bubonic plague and publishes his findings in The Lancet.
1978 LEGO releases its first minifigure. It has yellow skin and a pleasant expression on its face, which is how it will continue to be produced until 1989 when the company releases its first pirate minifigures *
1830 Stephenson’s locomotive 'Northumbrian' took a trial run to prepare for the opening of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway. Actress Fanny Kemble rode on the footplate, the first woman to do so. *
1917 The Order of the British Empire (OBE), and the Companion of Honour (CH), were awarded for the first time
1986 Britain staged its first street motor race - along roads around the centre of Birmingham.